A Confederate Chronicle: The Life of a Civil War Survivor (Shades of Blue and Gray)
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R 95 min Drama, Western.
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Left without men in the dying days of the American Civil War, three women must fight to defend their home and themselves from two rogue soldiers who have broken off from the fast-approaching Union Army. America just before and during the Civil War, as seen through the eyes of an artist correspondent.
Votes: 1, Passed min Drama, Romance, War. The pacifist attitude of a Quaker family is tested as a result of the American Civil War. Votes: 5, Approved 69 min Drama, War. Truncated adaptation of Stephen Crane's novel about a Civil War Union soldier who stuggles to find the courage to fight in the heat of battle. Votes: 3, G min Western. A family saga covering several decades of Westward expansion in the nineteenth century - including the Gold Rush, the Civil War, and the building of the railroads. R min Crime, Drama. Set in the Five Points neighborhood of New York City in the s, focusing on a rugged young Irish cop who is forced to navigate his unruly and dangerous immigrant neighborhood while Votes: 9, PG min Drama, Family, Romance.
R min Drama, History. In , the revolt of Mende captives aboard a Spanish owned ship causes a major controversy in the United States when the ship is captured off the coast of Long Island. The courts must decide whether the Mende are slaves or legally free. PG min Crime, Drama, History. Mary Surratt is the lone female charged as a co-conspirator in the assassination trial of Abraham Lincoln.
As the whole nation turns against her, she is forced to rely on her reluctant lawyer to uncover the truth and save her life. R 94 min Drama, Music. Two men separated by years are united in their search for freedom. A secret Inspired by James Warner Bellah's "The Valiant Virginians", a book that had previously been serialized in "The Saturday Evening Post", this series focused on the impact war has on the Votes: Unrated 60 min Adventure, Biography, Drama.
Based on real life "boy solider" Johnny Clem, a young boy joins the Union Army against the wishes of his father and fellow soldiers. Based on real life "boy solider" Johnny Clem, a young boy is promoted to sergeant and encounters trouble while on a mission. Not Rated 28 min Short, Adventure, Drama. In , during the American Civil War, a Southern civilian is about to be hanged for attempting to sabotage a railway bridge. When the execution takes place from the bridge, the rope breaks and he begins his escape toward home.
Director: George C. The story of the most notorious Confederate prisoner of war camp in the American Civil War.
Approved 20 min Short, Comedy, War. Set in the civil war, the stooges are spies for the north. They impersonate southern officers and infiltrate the enemy ranks to get valuable information. On the run when they are discovered Approved min Drama, War, Western. During the Civil War, a Virginia farmer and his family vow to remain neutral, but one of the sons is captured by Union soldiers, sending the farmer to his rescue. Although fought against a backdrop of historical events, the real prize at stake in this new civil war was winning public acceptance for a specific version of the past and for a vision for the future that should follow from it.
Of the four major interpretations of the war and its meaning to emerge in the s, visitors to the National Battlefield Parks today still can sense the legacy of the victorious memory, that of national reconciliation. Its most vivid image often takes the form of a grainy black-and white photograph featuring an old man in a gray suit shaking hands across a stone wall with a former foe in blue. They offered up a view of the past that began with two sections of well-meaning people who went to war only when they had exhausted all other means for reaching compromise on competing visions for the future of the republic.
It ended with the notion that both sections now followed a single shared course into the future, a bond sealed in a handshake in the true spirit of Union and reunion. Interestingly enough, reconciliators could be found in the North and South alike. Moreover, the signs of successful reunionism appeared in a wide variety of forms. When the 23 rd New Jersey dedicated its monument at Salem Church to commemorate its fight near Fredericksburg on 3 May , the orator reminded his audience to remember that not all the soldiers on that bloody field marched under Federal banners.
Virginia Colonel William R. Reunited on the battleground at Gettysburg!
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Who will doubt the friendship of the blue and the gray? But not all Northerners or Southerners bought into the notion of national reunion or accepted what they believed to be its mawkish sentimentality. Among those who did not support the cause of reunion numbered thousands of Union veterans who had long considered it a mistake to push for a quick reconciliation with the former Confederacy during Reconstruction.
All three other approaches accepted almost to the exclusion of all else the primacy of the Northern war aim to preserve the Union; the cause of emancipation had largely disappeared in much of the rhetoric of reunion. What could the cause of national reunion with joyful meetings between white Northerners and Southerners mean to African-Americans?
In an increasingly Jim Crow South, African-Americans not only had begun to lose the vote and other civil rights, but also appeared to be losing their important place in the history of the conflict that had emancipated many of them and guaranteed all of them equal protection under federal laws. No doubt, veterans of the many regiments of United States Colored Troops felt betrayed to learn that some of their own white comrades-in-arms may have believed that the assignment of African-American regiments to previously all-white divisions or corps explained their invisibility in most history books about the war.
Or so they said. Their actions clearly suggest otherwise. But, it was not the objectivity of history that spurred them on in these efforts; their desire to be remembered, on terms they themselves dictated, had become their primary goal. As our Oshkosh volunteer illustrated with his diatribe against the veterans of the II and III Corps at Podunksburg, Civil War veterans supported their arguments by pulling out their wartime letters, diaries, and after-action reportsalready tainted by the processes of memoryand using them as the flimsy foundation on which to reconstruct year-old military actions in ways that told the story they wanted to be remembered.
They relied heavily on the historical authority accorded to The Official Records of the War of the Rebellion when it suited their needsand they ignored or rejected it out of hand when it did not support their story. In their after-action reports of early , several Northern regimental commanders claimed to do have done so, but it had not become a controversial matter then and generated little debate or contentiousness at the time.
But by the s, often calling upon the authority of those same reports, now published as part of the Official Records , survivors of the 14 th Indiana, 5 th New Hampshire, 53 rd , th , st , rd and th Pennsylvania, and the entire Irish Brigade all launched campaigns to claim that specific battle laurel for their own command alone. Who shot Stonewall Jackson on that dark May night at Chancellorsville?
Was Ulysses S.
History Research Guide - The American Civil War: A Soldier's Life
Conflicting testimony from veterans on both sides of this issue accumulated over the years to the point at which the mass of conflicting arguments had became completely impenetrable. When the War Department decided to prepare tablets to mark the new battlefield park in , the Secretary of War finally decided to designate a committee of officers attending the recently-established Army War College to investigate the issue and reach a final conclusion.
After doing all they could to make sense of the muddle, and to the astonishment of some Northerners and Southerners alike, the officers concluded that, indeed, General Johnston really had surprised Grant in the early dawn of April 6, North Carolinians, still smarting at repeated perceived slanders of their state by the wartime Richmond press, began in the s to make a nearly fifty-year-long concerted effort to establish for itself an especially honored place in Confederate history.
General Pickett had commanded Virginians, they pointed out, and thus, he had been the pet of the same Richmond press that had so poorly treated North Carolina troops. So, they wrote. They wrote a great deal.
Civil War veterans, viewed collectively, won their battle for memory. That victory still marks our national imagination today. But the battlefields on which the forces of history and memory now compete have changed. So, why do Americans still care about the Civil War? The answer defies easy resolution. On one hand, when the war generation still led the way in shaping how most Americans would remember the great conflict, the discipline of history with its own unique conceptual and methodological base had not yet emerged as an intellectual field of study.
BiblioVault - Books about Confederate States of America
As the Civil War veterans passed from the scene, university-trained historians stepped forward to assert intellectual authority over the study of that critical period of American history. In short, history and memory are still refighting, and fighting over, the Civil War every day. For a while, that war simmered on low heat. In , for instance, just before President Franklin D. Roosevelt visited Antietam, local residents spotted a large Confederate flag flying atop the battlefield observation tower.
Appalled by the appearance of the banner, since their ancestors had supported the Union, they first ascertained that the flag had not been placed there on orders from Washington, then made sure the culprit--the new park superintendent, a nephew of a Confederate veteranremoved the flag. They they had him fired. The first genuine alarm bells about a growing disconnect between history and memory, however, began to ring in the late s. The Dixiecrat faction of the Democratic Party began to fly the Confederate flag at campaign rallies in At the time, descendants of Confederate veterans expressed their dismay at the politicization of a Civil War symbol in a context that disconnected it from its historical roots, but the politicos continued to fly it despite their protests.
Even before the commemoration period began, African-American leader W. It seems nobody wanted slavery in the South, having had it forced upon her, was about to abolish it but for senseless, impatient agitation. And as DuBois pointed out, clearly not all Americans felt quite the same way about it. The entire Centennial experience helped to alert historians throughout the academic world to genuine problems associated with traditional interpretations of this element of the American past. But first they had to fight among themselves.
It did not come easily, but perhaps the historians won their most decisive victory in forcing modern Americans to confront once again a past that includes the institution of slavery. Most historians generally agree now that slavery cannot be ignored as a causal factor. In the world of the Civil War buff and in popular imagination, slavery has not won nearly so secure a place as it has among historians who consider the important causal agents of the war. Even as some elements of the public continue to argue the point, advocates of history nonetheless have begun to exert a greater effort to teach Americans about the importance of portraying all aspects of Civil War era history accurately, objectively, and comprehensively.
Nowhere has this change occurred quite so significantly as it has in those sites most visible to the American public, the various sites administered by the National Park Service. Historians at major battlefield parks began as early as the s to expand displays and lectures about Civil War era history to elaborate on static interpretations of military events.
Army from the s through the Civil War years but to focus on the experiences of the members of the First Kansas Colored Regiment that mustered in for service there. At the Richmond Battlefield Park in the s, historians made readings of the diaries and letters written by former slaves, free blacks, and civilian residents of the Confederate Capital, not just the musings of soldiers who fought there, accessible to visitors. And in the s, with the active cooperation of academic Civil War historians, nearly all the major Civil War battlefield parks began to expand the story they tell to include information on the causes and consequences of the Civil War, slavery, civilian life, and other key elements far removed from combat itself.
All these historical efforts preceded Representative Jesse Jackson, Jr. Scholars of the new social and cultural history sparked in part by the civil rights movement of the post-World War II years and the social activism of the s and s also have opened new doors through which to invite more Americans to take an interest in their past. The gates of inclusiveness have swung open to include in Civil War hstory the contributions of women, free and enslaved African-Americans, German and Irish immigrants on the homefront and on the battlefront.
A quick search on the Internet today reveals several sites that include archive-based research and information on Chinese participation in the Civil War, and at least one site considers the contributions of Australia to the conflict.
The Valley of the Shadow project that began in and provides access to a wide variety of primary documents that give voice to civilians who lived through the war in the Shenandoah Valley and south central Pennsylvania. In studying the Civil War, students have many opportunities to study heroism and cowardice, triumph and tragedy, and hardship, pain, grief, and death wrought by conflict.