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The Emergency Rescue Committee acquired phony passports and real and phony visas, sheltered refugees and organized escape routes to Spain and Portugal. The Committee helped more than 2, people escape the Nazis. Peggy Guggenheim recalled that she had visited Air-Bel as part of her own plan to underwrite the escape of several of the Surrealist artists, including Max Ernst, who later became her husband. Mary Jayne Gold brought generosity of spirit and pocket book to the refugees and to her personal friendships, including her relationship with Miriam.
She wrote Miriam a letter with money enclosed, posing as her Uncle Oscar and informing her that her fictional Aunt Matilda had died and left her a small fortune. Mary Jayne closed the letter with a suggestion that she return to the United States. They eventually managed to reach Lisbon and sail for the United States, arriving safely on Friday, December 12, , five days after Pearl Harbor.
She neither married nor had any children. She married Professor William L. The Burkes moved to the University of Iowa in and Miriam completed her graduate work in art and exhibited prize winning paintings and sculpture. Widowed in and pressed for funds, she taught art and French in Riverside. Returning to the University of Iowa, she taught French and earned a Ph. The Ebels later moved to Michigan where Dr.
Charles Ebel taught history at Central Michigan University. One golden September day in , her family and friends laid her to rest in the Iowa fields that she loved so well. She was a very shrewd woman whose heart was on the right side of issues and who at a crucial turning point in history understood what was called for. Better, she soon revealed a warm sense of humor. Mary Jayne Gold and I became friends at first sight; our friendship has lasted a lifetime.
Surrender on Demand. Third edition. Boulder: Johnson Books, Gold, Mary Jayne Gold. Crossroads Marseilles, Doubleday, Guggenheim, Peggy. Anchor Books, Marino, Andy. Ryan, Donna F. University of Illinois Press, Copyright Notice All of the material on this website is copyrighted.
- "Surrender on Demand:" The Friendship of Mary Jayne Gold and Miriam Ebel.
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Sample searches in this book: diplomatic car transit visas gardes mobiles. Page of. Book Description Publication Date: October Like Oskar Schindler and Raoul Wallenberg, Varian Fry risked his life to rescue those targeted by the Gestapo in "the most gigantic man-trap in history. Show More. Show Less.
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Page 1 of 4 Start over. Editorial Reviews Amazon. The dramatic story of the underground organization set up by Americans in France to rescue cultural and political refugees from the Gestapo. Paperback: pages Publisher: Johnson Books; 1st pbk. Discover books, learn about writers, read author blogs, and more. Customer Reviews. See all 5 customer reviews. Share your thoughts with other customers.
Write a customer review. Most Helpful Customer Reviews. The way things were during Nazi-occupied France; September 13, By A Customer.
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Format: Paperback. Fry gives us a well-documented record of the cultural and political refugees who were particularly at risk of being captured by the Nazis and lets us observe the many administrative details, and often conflicting policy positions, that were involved in successfully escaping France. Many diplomats and civil service employees put themselves at risk by helping those in need. There is a sense that Fry and others act as if unaware of the dangers. However, as much as readers will try to project on him the image of a romantic American icon like Humphrey Bogart conducting an underground through a locale like Rick's Place as in Casablanca , they may be disappointed by Fry's matter of fact story-telling here; absent of that cloak and dagger flavor known to Hammet lovers.
BUT, it is an accurate picture of a time in history when men realized whether or not their associations with others were in truth, "the beginnings of a wonderful friendship. One reviewer comments that a publisher would never tolerate so many escapes and rescues in a fictional work almost reminiscient of the comical Hogan's Heroes TV show. And finally, we come to understand that, while many cultural targets were captured, America has benefited from the insurgence of alternative thought and creativity in all media: film, art, literature, science, and philosophy.
And all despite any official US foriegn policy to do so. I'm looking forward to a documentary on the subject due to be released in fall !
Was this review helpful to you? Educational, Exciting, and worth recommending to friends February 25, By My Pen Name.
This is a great story. Well-written, somewhat dry account of everyday bureacratic nightmares involved in getting refugees out of France. This book helped me understand a little more of the fear that people were living under as the Nazis closed in. It made that period in time come into more focus, and I'm glad I read it. Must Read! September 26, By Olivos.
Format: Paperback Amazon Verified Purchase. Varian Fry's Surrender on Demand Varian Fry closely takes you through his first hands experiences of often times thought not all resorting to not only "illegal" but "ethically" questionable methods in order to carry out the true ethically correct end of saving a great number of lives not his own. There is no question that his intentions were noble and his end right. There is no question he was fighting against a greater systematic evil that made it illegal to do right things so that "legality" is hardly relevant in a system where keeping the law meant being utterly and unashamedly unethical, breaking all sorts of moral codes - such as oppressing and murdering the helpless.
Fry and his little organization of private persons both in France and USA almost singlehandedly went against this system at great odds. The one thing he did "ethically wrong" was lying falsifying passports and ID cards, and blatantly lying to authorities when there was danger. Not to mention, the French authorities knew this. If there was an eventual indifference from the French government, certainly being American was Mr Fry's most important asset because America was greatly respected as a country most likely stemming from the US government's generosity in aids, among other things, and the relative affluence of Americans in those days - the dollar was very strong and things in Europe relatively inexpensive.http://nttsystem.xsrv.jp/libraries/10/cox-wie-kann-ich.php
Demand for Surrender - Publishing - Words - ROMAN VASSEUR
His book is a delight for those with an eye for detailed accounts, because it helps with the reconstruction of events. It may require slowing the reading pace down because the book is packed with information. This is a book about people. He is especially sensitive to describing people and their backgrounds. And there are quite a few of them. One advice i can give is to write a list of names and the page number where the name first appear, because many of these names reoccur in latter chapters and it helps to go back to remind oneself of their backgrounds to keep good historical continuity.
No question he and his crew went through great personal sacrifices hunger, cold, sleep deprivation, grind, high stress, constant unsettling emotional experiences, pressure, personal failures, being taken advantage of - though he does not mention it as such in order to take advantage of the very short time to save as many people as possible. At times there is just not much one can do to prepare for crisis.
In a war, for example, depleting food stuff, no utilities. What can you do about these?
When regions are being bombarded there is no agriculture, no traveling, communication hardware breakdown. Even no internet, if cables are destroyed.
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But nevertheless it is better to know than not to know. Also during war, even right in the middle of it, things can actually look very peaceful and its dread fall suddenly, though the warnings have been coming from long before. This long waiting can sometimes delude that everything will be OK, though it was not what the warning messages said Most Recent Customer Reviews.